Volume 10, Issue 4 (3-2022)                   2022, 10(4): 53-66 | Back to browse issues page

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Najafifar A, Pourhashemi M, Hoseinzadeh J, Asgari S, Jafari M R. The Role of Topographic Factors and Land Formation on the Severity of Forest Crown Dieback in the Zagrossian Sector of Ilam Province. Iranian Journal of Applied Ecology 2022; 10 (4) :53-66
URL: http://ijae.iut.ac.ir/article-1-1079-en.html
Ilam Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center
Abstract:   (1908 Views)
The purpose of this study was to investigate some environmental factors of Zagros forest dieback. In this regard, raster layers of elevation, slope, aspect, hillshade, toposhape and the land formation of Zagros forests in Ilam province were prepared. The distribution map of live and dieback forest cover were also prepared, using Landsat 8 panchromatic images. Then, the percentage of dieback forest cover in each  specific class of the studied factors was calculated, using geographic information system (GIS). Results showed that 2.37% of the forest cover area is dieback canopy. The difference in the percentage of dieback forest cover between landforms was negligible. Maximum and minimum dieback areas of forest cover were in southern aspects (2.7%) and northern aspects (1.73%), slope class 0%-20% (2.6%) and more than 80% (1.52%), elevation less than 1300 m (3.36%) and more than 1700 m (0.52%), hillshade class 0-102 (2.56%) and 255-204 (0.82%), Gachsaran formation (5.08%) and Asmari-Shahbazan formation (0.96%), respectively. As a result, the amount of dieback in the southern slopes was 35.9% higher than the northern, in low hillshade was 68% more than high hillshade and in low elevations was 84.5% higher than high elevations. It seems that the higher ratio of crown dieback was occurred in the less hillshade and at low elevations, due to higher temperatures and lower soil moisture in these areas, which indicates the effective role of recent droughts in intensifying the process of forest dieback.
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: General

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