Volume 6, Issue 1 (6-2017)                   2017, 6(1): 1-13 | Back to browse issues page

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Dept. of Forestry, Faculty of Natur. Resour., Tarbiat Modares Univ., Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (8070 Views)

Floristic composition of boxwood (Buxus hyrcana Pojark) stands in the forests of Western Haraz, distributed at the altitudinal range of 250 to 1,200 m asl, was investigated by field-walk method. Results showed that the flora of this area includes 50 families, 69 genera, and 78 plant species. Rosaceae, Orchidaceae, Dryopteridaceae, Lamiaceae and Aspleniaceae are the greatest families in this area. Chorological studies showed that the largest proportion of the flora is related to Euro-Siberian region (56.4%). Cryptophytes (32 species), Phanerophytes (26 sp.) and Hemicryptophytes (16 sp.), which are compromising 44%, 33.3% and 20.5% of the flora, were the most important structure groups of the biological spectrum. Abundance of Cryptophytes with Phanerophytes and Hemicryptophytes in these forests implys that there is a temperate climate with cold winter, frequently rainfall and relatively cool summer, which are suitable for growing temperate forest. Frequent occurrence of Prunus Laurocerasus trees with Daneae racemosa as a woody understory species especially in the upper parts of the studied area accompany by absence of Therophytes and relatively well distribution of ferns species, especially Asplenium scolopendrium, also implys high, favorable, moisture conditions without any disturbances in Box tree stands of these forests.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General

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